The Curriculum for Master of Science in Engineering (Innovation and Business)
- Civilingeniør i Innovation and Business
- Master of Science in Engineering (Innovation and Business)
§ 1 - Description of the Programme
§ 1.1 - Applicable for students enrolled
§ 1.2 - Aim of Programme, including any professional profile and specialisations
The purpose of the Master's programme is to
- extend students' professional knowledge and competences and increase their theoretical and methodical qualifications and level of independent work beyond the level attained at the bachelor level.
- provide students with the opportunity for in-depth academic study via the use of advanced elements of the disciplines and methods of the academic area, including training in scientific work and methodology to develop the student's competences to perform more specialised vocational functions and participate in scientific development work, and
- to qualify the student for further education, including PhD programmes, cf. the Danish Ministerial Order on the PhD Programme at Universities.
The Master's programme is an independent, complete educational programme, which extends the competence and insights acquired by the student during the bachelor programme.
The Master's programme aims to qualify the student to solve complex technical problems, design and implement complex technological products and systems in a social context. The contents of the Master's programme aim to provide the student with advanced professional competences within the chosen discipline of engineering and options for further specialisation.
The Master's programme is a full-time programme which is rated at 120 ECTS points, corresponding to the work of a full-time student for 22 months; for programmes starting in the spring semester, however, the duration is 24 months. The programme consists of constituent course elements related to the programme's specific professional competences and identity, elective courses and a Master's thesis.
Graduates with a bachelor degree that includes knowledge and competences similar to those acquired vi a bachelor programme in technical science or engineering are entitled to use the Danish title of civilingeniør, cand.polyt., followed by the title of the specific programme. The English version of the title is Master of Science (MSc) in Engineering - followed by the title of the specific programme.
§ 1.3 - Didactic and pedagogical basis
The Engineering Education Model of the University of Southern Denmark
The Bachelor and Master programmes within the scientifc are of engineering are research-based full-degree programmes which qualify the students to independently perform vocational functions on the basis of knowledgen and methodical skills within their professional area.
All programmes at the University of Southern Denmark are structured in accordance with the university's leading principles for programmes. For engineering programmes, the principles are put into practice in the educational concept 'The Engineering Education Model of the University of Southern Denmark' or, in Danish, 'Den Syddanske Model for Ingeniøruddannelser', in the following referred to by its official abbreviation, DSMI.
By offering and implementing engineering programmes based on DSMI, the university ensures that engineers who have recently graduated from the university have a high professional standard, based on their mastery of a range of core skills which are in high demand on the labour market as well as in the research community.
A summary of the main points of the education concept is shown below - the complete description of DSMI is available in electronic form at the Faculty's website.
Content and Competences
- Professional skills are at the centre of the educational activities, and all engineering programmes at the University of Southern Denmark are therefore rooted in research and development environments of a high international standard. Research and development-based tuition is provided at all programme levels to accommodate both the needs of fundamental research and the requirements of practical applied science in close collaboration with business and industry.
- The programmes aim to foster modern, dyed-in-the-wool engineers. The learning and evaluation environment is therefore based on activating tuition and active learning that stimulates students to think and work in a problem-focused, project-oriented and cross-disciplinary manner. Assignments are accomplished both in teams and independently, and the focus is on innovation and reflection.
- The programmes are designed to mature students to perform assignments in an international context. During the course of their studies, students experience an environment characterised by international teachers and researchers and fellow students from many countries. The programme framework is organised in such a way as to provide good opportunities to study abroad and students enrolled on study programmes offered in Danish, will be required to attend courses conducted in English.
- Bachelors from the University of Southern Denmark will have worked in project groups across language and cultural differences.
- To enhance the graduates' labour market value immediately after graduation, the study programmes incorporate a high level of business relevance. Collaboration with private organisations guarantees that the students' professional competences are put to regular use in a concrete, contemporary context.
- In the course of their studies, Bachelors from the University of Southern Denmark will have performed project work in collaboration with external organisations.
- All students are encouraged to think and practise entrepreneurship via a learning and evaluation environment designed to stimulate student enterprise, creativity and responsibility.
- Corporate and business understanding are integral elements of the teaching of the Bachelor programmes at the University of Southern Denmark.
- Bachelors from the University of Southern Denmark have participated in interdisciplinary collaboration projects organised on the basis of a principle of 'experts in teams'. This means that the student collaborates with students from other engineering disciplines or other study programmes on the solution of a complex, interdisciplinary problem in close collaboration with an external organisation.
Structure and Learning Environment
In overall terms, the interplay between programme structure, skills acquisition and the learning and evaluation environment of the engineering programmes at the University of Southern Denmark may be described as follows:
- In the practical planning of the programme content, significant emphasis has been placed on ensuring that the forms of tuition and examination are both relevant and contemporary and support students' acquisition of core skills. In doing so, efforts are made to proviede a highly dynamic study environment, where each individual student is expected to play an active role and assume responsibility for his or her own learning. The student will 'learn to learn' so that he or she will later be able to quickly embrace new and complex problems, just as the student will be encouraged throughout the programme to practise both independent and co-operative thinking.
- in order to strengthen both the professional contemplation and application of acquired skills as well as the individual's continued motivation for developing professionally and personally on a labour market characterised by rapid change, the educational concept deliberately seeks to integrate both specific technical and broader general engineering skills.
- With DSMI, the University of Southern Denmark offers an attractive and relevant study programme with good immediate work prospects. The keywords are activating tuition and active learning put into practice through project-oriented collaboration and problem-based learning. The purpose is to foster dyed-in-the-wool engineers with a high level of professional skills and the optimum basis for continued personal and professional development.
§ 2 - Enrollment
§ 2.1 - Legal claim for admission
§ 2.2 - Qualifying degrees
The university has assessed that the below degrees qualify for admission. The list is not exhaustive:
- BSc in Engineering in Mechatronics – University of Southern Denmark
- BEng in Engineering Mechatronics – University of Southern Denmark
- BEng in Engineering Interaction Design – University of Southern Denmark
- BSc in Engineering in Product Development & Innovation – University of Southern Denmark
- BSc i Design og Innovation - Technical University of Denmark
Following degrees qualify for admission, provided that the degree covers 5 ECTS of Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Business administration or Innovation Management:
- BEng in Mechanical Engineering (Maskinteknik) - University of Aalborg
- BSc i Globale forretningssystemer – University of Aalborg
- BEng in Mechanical Engineering (Maskinteknik) - University of Aalborg (Esbjerg)
- BEng in Mechanical Engineering (Maskinteknik) - Technical University of Denmark
§ 2.3 - Entry requirements
2.3.1 To be considered for admission applicants must have a relevant bachelor of science degree, bachelor of science in engineering degree, or bachelor of engineering degree.
- Mechanical design, statics, dynamics and 3D CAD (15 ECTS)
- Electronics (10 ECTS), as of admission 2020: 5 ECTS
- Programming (10 ECTS)
- Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Business administration or Innovation management (5 ECTS)
Admission with a foreign degree
Applicants with a bachelor degree from a foreign university who meet the above requirements are eligible for admission subject to an academic assessment and comparison of whether the applicant’s academic qualifications correspond to those of qualifying Danish degree.
English language skills
Native English-speaking applicants or applicants with a bachelor degree taught exclusively in English do not have to provide evidence of their English language skills.
§ 2.4 - Supplementary courses
§ 3 - Detailed programme specific information
§ 3 - Programme title and profiles
Master of Sciences (MSc) in Engineering (Innovation and Business) 2019
§ 3.1 - The structure of the programme
The progression within the programme takes place within the following subject columns:
- Technology – automation, digitalization, product development
- Entrepreneurship and business development
- Innovation management and open innovation
Technology – automation, digitalization and product development
The modules that belong to this subject column are IBAUDI, IBSPD, IBEPR, THS40 and THS30
The progression in this subject column is implemented in the following steps; 1) Introduction to state-of-the art theory and literature, 2) application of theory in a controlled environment and finally 3) application and solving cases in real-life. The first semester focuses on giving the students a theoretical understanding of how integrated product development works as well as how to set up competitive production and manufacturing facilities. The students will get to understand the concept of glocalized production with global competition plus local design and implementation of adaptive production technologies. Second semester focuses on the application of new technologies that can enhance company competitiveness and optimize development and production cycles. The students learn how to design, simulate and test state-of-the art technologies for product development and for smarter production set-ups. The students will get to understand the design process and be able to model mechatronics solutions. In the third semester students work on real-life projects with companies analyzing problems related to automatization and digitization and produce solution based on their competencies gained in the previous semesters. Finally, students can specialize within this subject column by writing their master thesis in this domain.
Entrepreneurship and business development
The modules that belong to this subject column are IBINPR, IBHTBV, IBEST, IBFEE, THS40 and THS30
The progression in this subject column is implemented in the following steps; 1) Intrapreneurship – Creating and evaluating business opportunities and solving an innovation challenge in an existing company 2) Entrepreneurship – Creating and evaluating a business opportunity for new venture creation 3) Evaluating business case potential and funding opportunities for further implementation. The students learn in the first semester how business opportunities are created and how product development is structured and work in theory. In parallel with the theoretical lectures an innovation challenge is solved. In the second semester students apply the knowledge, skills and competencies and experience from the first semester in realizing their own idea in the pursuit of a new venture creation. In the third semester students learn how to create a business case and evaluate financing aspects for the implementation of their own venture or for business development inside existing organization. The students make progress on the theoretical ladder and they develop their personal and practical experience which makes them able to undertake and initiate work independently and with many stakeholders. Due to this progression they are finally able to write their master thesis in the 4th semester with the required theoretical and practical depth.
Innovation Management and Open Innovation
The modules that belong to this subject column are IBDTPS IBSRP, IBOI, MC-VF, THS40 and THS30.
The progression in this subject column is implemented in the following steps: 1) Knowledge and skills about methodologies for designing and executing research and innovation projects, 2) Competencies for managing research and innovation projects with many different stakeholders 3) Competencies to solve a specific research task in a company and navigate in the complexity of different interests between stakeholders. The students get in the first semester acquainted with fundamental knowledge on how to structure and design research and innovation projects. In the second semester students learn how to manage complex innovation processes with many different stakeholders. In the third semester, students experience innovation practice during their in-company project which make them able to address and investigate theoretical and managerial problems within this domain in their thesis in the forth semester.
The study programme has on the master level the following semester themes:
1st semester: Technology, Intrapreneurship and innovation
2nd semester: Technology, entrepreneurship and innovation
3rd semester: Specialisation or exchange
4th semester: Thesis
Description of 1st semester
Semester theme: Technology, Intrapreneurship and innovation
The courses on the first semester are organized in a way so that they can adapt to the level of entrance from relevant bachelor programmes – according to the entry requirements mentioned later in this document.
Specifically, this means that the students might get assigned readings depending on their backgrounds. If students have a background with more courses in programming and less in innovation management, the lecturers will make sure that they will get additional readings in the necessary domains. This is to make sure that the students have the same knowledge foundation when they enter the second semester.
Today, innovation solutions are often complex and interdisciplinary where many parties and stakeholders are involved. In this semester, we want to present the journey that takes place within technology intrapreneurship where business opportunities are spotted, analyzed and managed. The focus this semester is on the business development inside existing organizations using state-of-the art technologies to enhance companies’ competitiveness.
The first semester introduces the students to different theoretical perspectives on innovation, product and production development as well as technologies that support innovative solutions, and they discover and experience the innovation process. The students learn about innovation theories and methods and how innovation and business is understood and managed in practice. The students work with industrial companies to investigate how professional organisations manage innovation and the students are challenged with real life innovation challenges. The students work with technologies in mechatronics from a theoretical point of view through research publications as well as through practical hands-on courses. The students will learn about business development and how to develop business cases. The students transform researched technology into a physical product/prototype/proof of concept and argue for the business potential. In the process, the business development regarding sustainable manufacturing solutions has to be illustrated and argued. The students will in a practical way discover the entire value chain in business development. This semester prepares them for the coming semesters, where the gained understanding should be used in the other technology, entrepreneurship and innovation related courses.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES for the 1st semester are the following
- Is able to understand the complexity of an innovation process with its different stages
- Is able to understand core theoretical concepts and methods in product and production development
- Is able to understand different scientific methods and reflect on the choice of methods
- Is able to apply relevant methods and tools in the various step of the innovation process
- Is able to read and interpret technical research publications as well as innovation and entreprenurship literature and to apply that on an innovation challenge proposed by a company
- Is able to create a comprehensive business case highlighting pro’s and con’s and thus assess the business potential of the idea
- Is able to apply academic reading and writing skills in relation to different deliverables
- Possess a coherent and holistic view of technology solutions and as a system analyst build, suggest and implement smarter mechatronic solutions and systems
- Create and evaluate business opportunities and suggest solutions to practitioners as well as communicate results to academia.
- Apply scientific methods in performing research, and be able to present findings in a structured way to academia and other stakeholders
- Be able to meaningfully combine the different theoretical fields and practices for facilitating and communication of the innovation process
The 1st semester contains the following modules:
IBAUDI – Automation ad Digitalization (10 ECTS)
IBINPR – Innovation in Practice (10 ECTS)
IBDTPS – Design Thinking and Prototyping Skills (5 ECTS)
IBSRP – Student Research Project (5 ECTS)
The modules IBAUDI, IBNPR, IBDTPS and IBSRP are constituent, obligatory modules.
The first semester provides an advanced theoretical introduction. In the following, this is elaborated for each of the modules.
IBAUDI: The student will learn about global challenges for industrial production business and understand how highly automated production facilities and digitalization may influence manufacturing businesses. The students will get insights in state-of-the art production technology (industry 4.0 enabling technologies) and be able to specify solutions based on the technologies and demonstrate this in a virtually simulated VR/AR environment.
IBINPR: The course provides the students with an overview of the topic innovation management and technology innovation. Moreover, students will get introduced to theories on new product development discussing state of the art theories such as agile and hybrid development. Students will apply the theories on a real-life example proposed by an industrial company. The students and the company will work together during the semester which finally results in a presentation of the final outcome. The course is structured around several milestones resulting in a prototype as well as a business case representing the front end of the innovation process/the product development process.
IBDTPS: The course presents theories of Design Thinking and prototyping in the context of technology and innovation. The main concepts of Design Thinking and prototyping will be introduced and applied, as far as possible. The goal is to deepen the understanding of Design Thinking and prototyping for the development of products and services, with a key focus on applying design tools and methods in an innovation process.
IBSRP: The student research project deals with a selected topic in the field of Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Under the guidance of the instructor, the students pass through a research process: The project starts with developing a research design, further conducts an empirical data collection and its analysis and ends with presentation, documentation and discussion of the results.
Description of the 2nd Semester
Semester theme: Technology, entrepreneurship and innovation
Innovation can be performed on an individual basis, but in reality, innovation is mostly performed in participation among various people and stakeholders. Innovation challenges are complex with new emerging technologies challenging the ways companies operate and create a demand people who can apply these technologies and use uncertainty to create and manage new opportunities.
In this semester, students will learn how to use emerging technologies in a simulated environment which can optimize existing operations in companies or can be used as a process tool for product development. Students will work on creating ideas for new ventures which can be developed and implemented in the following semester. Therefore, students get some hands-on experience in starting up a technology-based venture.
The students learn about the process of starting up a new business and experiment with practice through interaction with industry, users and other stakeholders. The technical courses allow the students to experience how industry develop products and production technologies and they experiment with technologies, which they turn into physical products or prototypes.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES for the 2nd semester are the following
- Understand the technologies that can be used for smart product development
- Understand entrepreneurship theory that can support the creation of new business opportunities
- Understand the role of technology in entrepreneurship, both for internal venturing and for launching a startup company.
- Understand innovation management theory that creates insights on the management of innovations in complex environments
- Relate project experiences to literature within the field
- Apply VR/AR tools to simulate production or product development processes for visualization and optimization purposes
- Initiate and facilitate conversations about innovation between employees, users and other stakeholders. Choose and apply appropriate methods for user studies, sense-making, user co-creation, participatory business modelling etc.
- Apply high-tech business venturing concepts, theories and tools in practice from idea generation, to feasibility analysis, to a complete business plan.
- Develop and communicate the relevant and integral aspects of the high-tech business venturing process.
- Communicate benefits of the simulated environment to academia and practitioners
- Organize innovation projects with user participation and establish action research activities in an organization.
- Implement the newly acquired knowledge and skills in a relevant business plan for a technology-based internal venture or new company.
- Propose, defend and critically reflect on choices with regard to the high-tech business venture.
- Collaborate in an entrepreneurial team, while also taking responsibility for one’s own actions and learning.
- Develop the awareness of entrepreneurship as a career option, including an understanding of what type of entrepreneurial role would fit oneself.
The 2nd semester contains the following modules:
IBSPD – Smart Product Development (10 ECTS)
IBHTBV – High Tech Business Venturing (10 ECTS)
IBOI – Open Innovation (5 ECTS)
Elective course (5 ECTS)
The modules IBSPD, IBHTBV and IBOI are constituent, obligatory modules.
IBSPD: In this course, students will be introduced to new technologies as well as theory and methods used within product development. Technologies such as Virtual reality, Augmented reality, 3D printing, machine learning algorithms, topology optimization, simulation, virtual prototyping, blockchain technology. Theoretically, the course will draw on the foundation of Innovation Management and New Product Development coupled with insight into fields of Human Computer Interaction, Smart Prototyping, Design Thinking and more.The course will be a combination of presentation and discussions on the history and advancement of product development and case studies on how new technologies and methods are being used in the field. The course will have a series of projects integrated where students will be able to demonstrate how smart tools and technologies can improve a product development process
IBHTBV: This course provides the students with a profound understanding on the role, analytics, and process of business planning that lead to the successful creation of a new business venture. The students will learn how to rigorously prepare for the actual starting-up of either an internal venture or a new company. They will have to engage in all the important stages that precede the formal starting up: from idea generation, to feasibility analysis, to a fully conceived plan that maps out how the venture will operate and how it will create value.
IBOI: Because knowledge is dispersed across different organizations and individuals in the economy, the sources of innovation are also distributed across different parts of an organization’s value network. This course deals with these distributed sources of innovation by exploring different aspects of the innovation process that go beyond the boundaries of the firm. The course will particularly focus on the fact that innovation is the result of the combination of knowledge and often requires firms to look outside for sources of knowledge and innovation.
Description of the 3rd Semester
Semester theme: Specialisation or Exchange
The purpose of the third semester is to give the students the opportunity to choose a specialization within entrepreneurship (entrepreneurship training), Innovation (In-company project), Technology, Entrepreneurship or innovation specialization (thesis) or take a number of electives. This specialization has a weight of 15 ECTS. The students can also go for an exchange abroad.
The specialization tracks are the following:
40 ECTS master thesis. Building upon the previous semesters, this track starts up the master project corresponding to 10 ECTS in the third semester. In this track electives with a workload of 5 ECTS is chosen.
In-company project. Students work on a specific, well defined project in an industrial company that is related to the competence profile of the education. The project can lead up to the master project and will involve one assigned professor from the Mads Clausen Institute (MCI).
Entrepreneurship training. Students choosing this track can continue working on their own business idea which they may have initiated during the second semester.
Besides this, the students will get a deeper understanding of an engineering project in practice where a real-life project is conducted. Further, entrepreneurial finance e.g. the overview on the financing challenges that innovative projects and technology start-ups face is part of this semester, including topics such as valuation, funding rounds, investors, venture capital, exit strategies.
The Faculty recommends and supports, that students go for a one semester exchange at another university abroad. On the Master of Science in Engineering in Innovation and Business the third semester can be used for this purpose. The In-Company Project/Start of Thesis/Entrepreneurship training + elective part (15 ECTS) can be exchanged to elective courses at our partner universities and the remaining 10 ECTS can be exchanged with relevant courses that to a large extent have the equivalent content. The exchange program must be pre-approved by the Academic Study Board before the exchange semester starts.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES for the 3rd semester are the following:
- Be able to understand how financing for technology start-ups works
- Be able to create an overview of an engineering problem in a company and outline how to investigate it
- Be able to understand how to navigate in complex organizations with many stakeholders
- Coherent/holistic view on innovation or mechatronic research to such an extent that a research profile/topic can be selected.
- Be able to build the capacity for deciding on financing strategies
- Be able to define relevant issues related to own entrepreneurship ideas according to technology, product, production, marketing, financing etc.
- Be able to challenge the company on innovation principles and how to apply innovative technologies seen from an innovation architect’s point of view.
Be able to understand and analyse problems/gaps/dilemmas and perform advanced analysis regarding research and/or practice-based problems related to the chosen specialization
The 3rd semester contains the following modules:
IBEPR: Engineering in Practice (10 ECTS)
IBFEE – Finance for Entrepreneurial Engineers (5 ECTS)
a) THS40 – Thesis (10 ECTS) + 5 ECTS elective
b) MC-VF – In company project (15 ECTS)
c) IBEST - Entrepreneurship Training (15 ECTS)
d) Electives (15 ECTS)
The modules IBEPR and IBFEE are constituent, obligatory modules. The modules THS40, MC-VF, IBEST and the electives are part of the elective block.
IBEPR: Technological change such as digitalization and Industry 4.0 trends have a major impact on practice in technology-based ventures. Emerging (digital) technologies often result not only in new products or services, but also in new processes and changes to organizational procedures. Although students encounter many emerging technological trends in theory throughout their education, the implications of practical application are widely unknown. Engineering in Practice sheds light on the actual impact that technology and technological change has in local/regional technology-based companies. The students learn to contextualize technology and to assess, challenge and reflect on engineering in practice. To create a strong connection to contexts external to the classroom, case studies, guest lectures and site visits will be used throughout the course.
IBFEE: The course provides an overview on the financing challenges that innovative projects and technology start-ups face. Including topics such as valuation, funding rounds, investors, venture capital, exit strategies. The course is aimed at engineering students interested in gaining a general standing on how the financing for technology projects works. The course goal is to provide students with the capacity to establish financing strategies that are linked to the technology product-market strategy and overall needs of their organization. The course has a focus on high technology projects in the context of an existing organization or as part of a new venture, thus it aims to prepare students for financing decisions either as entrepreneurs or as innovation projects managers. The students learn with a combination of insights from finance theory and application of the course concepts and models in real cases.
THS40: The students should work on a thesis proposal during this course. The selection of the topic should be within one of the key areas of the Innovation and Business education. During the course, the content of the master thesis will be discussed including: Formulating a research problem/question, writing a critical literature review and propose an appropriate research design/methodology.
MC-VF: The purpose is that students work closely with an industrial company. Students are responsible for making the agreement with the company and to get a company supervisor. During the in-company project, students have to analyse and document the innovation process, evaluate their contribution to the process and reflect critically upon these activities. By means of critical thinking, students have to challenge the company with new theories and methodology for performing Innovation.
IBEST: The purpose is that students work on their own entrepreneurial ideas focusing on becoming an entrepreneur and setting up a new business. The student or group of students are able to define, a market need, select a market segment, develop their product idea, assess new technology or something that may lead to a new business. A supervisor in a company or even a sponsor may be found that can challenge and assist the business idea and assist the students in taking the next steps.
Electives: The students will have the possibility to select a number of electives (15 ECTS) as part of their specialization.
- Be acquainted with relevant engineering skills based on the highest level of international research.
- Attain good understanding of - and be able to reflect on - relevant knowledge.
- Apply scientific methods and tools.
- Identify scientific problems and formulate research questions.
- Be able to identify and review the relevant scientific literature and develop a conceptual framework to empirical work.
- Assess, select and apply scientific methods, tools and competencies within the subject area of the course
- Explain and discuss relevant professional and scientific problems.
- Present novel analysis and problem-solving models.
- Disseminate research-based knowledge.
- Set up a clear framework for the thesis including a proper scientific structure.
- Be able to communicate in a clear and understandable manner.
- Be able to independently initiate and carry out discipline-specific and cross-disciplinary cooperation and to assume professional responsibility.
- Manage work and development situations that are complex and unforeseen and require new solution models.
- Take responsibility for own professional development and specialization.
The module THS30 is a constituent, obligatory module.
§ 3.1.1 - Connection between entry requirements and the first year
§ 4 - Course Descriptions
§ 4 - Compulsory courses
Master of Sciences (MSc) in Engineering (Innovation and Business) 2019
Design thinking and prototyping skills
Automation and Digitalization
Innovation in Practice
Student Research Project
High-Tech Business Venturing
Smart product development
Finance for Entrepreneurial Engineers
Engineering in Practice
Master's Thesis - 40 ECTS
Master's Thesis - 30 ECTS
§ 5 - Examination provisions
§ 5.1 - Programme passing requirements
5.1.1 An examination is considered to be passed and a course is considered to be approved when the student has attained the assessment 'passed', 'approved' or the grade of 2 or higher.
5.1.2 An examination examination is either graded in accordance with the 7-point grading scale,or is assessed as 'Passed / Failed' (Bestået / ikke-bestået) or 'Approved / Non-approved' (Godkendt / Ikke-godkendt). The Master’s thesis is always graded in accordance with the 7-point grading scale.
5.1.3 The 'Passed/failed' and 'approved/non-approved' forms of assessment can account for no more than one-third of the programme's total number of ECTS points. This does not apply to credit transfers from previous examinations.
5.1.4 When the basis for assessing a study activity is 'tuition attendance' – this assessment is made by a teacher based on criteria students are informed of at the beginning of the course. The condition for awarding the assessment 'approved' is that the student must have achieved the objectives established for the course to such an extent that it would result in the assessment 'Approved' or a grade of 02 at minimum at an examination.
5.1. 5 The basis for assessment in connection with tuition attendance may be one or more of the following:
- attendance at lectures and exercises
- completed laboratory work, portfolios and reports and completed assignments or other practical or theoretical work
- participation in guiding internal examinations
- participation in seminars.
5.1.6 The student must be notified whether or not his/her participation in the course activities has been approved before the end of the semester.
5.1.7 The study programme has been successfully completed when the student has attained:
- the grade of 2 or higher in all examinations graded in accordance with the 7-point grading scale
- the assessment 'passed' in all examinations assessed as either 'Passed' or 'Failed'
- the assessment 'Approved' in all examinations assessed as either 'Approved' or 'Non-approved'.
§ 5.2 - Special exams
§ 5.2.1 - Start of study exam
188.8.131.52 Students enrolled on a Master's programme starting from the study start in February 2020 must take and pass a study start examination in order to continue on their programme. The purpose of the study start examination is to verify that students have commenced their programme.
184.108.40.206 The content and evaluation form of the study start test are described in the course description.
§ 5.3 - Spelling and writing skills
5.3.1 The assessment of the Master’s thesis and other major written assignments must also, in addition to the technical content, address the student's spelling and language proficiency, regardless of the language in which the project is written.
5.3.2 The projects must be written in a concise and easily understandable language. The wording of the written presentations or the Master’s thesis may have a positive or negative impact on the overall grade. Additional information on the language requirements is provided in the course descriptions.
5.3.3 The Academic Study Board may grant dispensation from the above spelling and wording requirements for students who can document that they suffer from a relevant, specific impairment (such as dyslexia).
§ 5.4 - Internal or external exams
5.4.1 Examinations are either external or internal. External examinations are assessed by the teacher(s) and one or more external examiners appointed by the Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education. Internal examinations are assessed by one or more teachers appointed by the university.
5.4.2 At least one-third of the programme's total number of ECTS points must be documented by external assessment. This includes the most important components of the programme, including the Master’s thesis, but does not apply to credits transferred from other examinations.
§ 5.5 - Exam language
5.5.1 For study programmes offered in Danish, examinations will be conducted in Danish, unless part of the purpose of an examination is to document the student's foreign language proficiency. Examinations may be taken in Swedish or Norwegian instead of Danish, unless the purpose of the examination is to document the student's proficiency in Danish.
5.5.2 For study programmes or individual courses offered in English or other foreign language, examinations will be conducted in that language, unless part of the purpose of an examination is to document the student's proficiency in a different language. The same applies if a course has been taught in a foreign language. The Academic Study Board may grant dispensation from this rule.
5.5.3 In addition, circumstances permitting, the Academic Study Board may allow students wishing to take an examination in a foreign language, to do so. This, however, does not apply to examinations which require presentations to be given in Danish. The Academic Study Board may grant dispensation from this rule.
§ 5.6 - Forms of assessment
5.6.1 The purpose of the examination is to assess whether and to which extent the student's qualifications match the learning objectives laid down in the Danish Ministerial Order on Bachelor and Master's (Candidatus) Programmes at Universities (the University Programme Order, Uddannelsesbekendtgørelsen), the Curriculum and the respective semester planning. The final examination provides the basis for issuing a diploma.
5.6.2 The programmeincludes a variety of examination forms to reflect the content and working methods of the tuition provided. The examination forms must accommodate the purpose of the individual course/course element, and may include:
- oral, written and practical examinations, project-oriented courses and combinations of the different forms of examination.
5.6.3 Any requirements on mandatory attendance or completion of written assignments, etc., during the study period which must be met in order for the student to be allowed to take an examination at the end of the course or course element are specified in the relevant course description.
5.6.4 All written campus-based examinations must be completed using a computer in accordance with the University of Southern Denmark’s rule set for written examinations.
Assessment of Group Assignments
5.6.5 Projects are normally completed by groups of students. As a rule, these groups consist of six students. The Head of Programme may allow a group to consist of fewer or more students, based on an individual professional assessment. However, these provisions do not apply to the Master’s thesis.
Sound and/or Image Recordings
5.6.6 The use of sound and image recordings during an examination is not allowed, unless such recordings are part of the examination procedure. If so, such recordings will be made by the university.
5.6.7 The use of examination aids is specified in the individual semester plans.
§ 5.7 - Irregularities at exams
5.7.1 Disciplinary action will be taken against a student who:
- unlawfully seeks or offers help with the completion of an examination paper, or
- brings non-allowed examination aids to an examination, or
- passes the work of another off as his/her own, or
- cites his/her own previously evaluated work without adding proper references, or
- is otherwise found guilty of cheating at the examination
5.7.2 Disciplinary action may also be taken against a student who acts in an interruptive manner during an examination.
Errors and Defects in an Examination
5.7.3 If a student discovers errors or defects in an examination, the student must contact the evaluators (for oral examinations) or the invigilators (for written examinations).
5.7.4 In case of aggravated errors or defects, or where this must be considered the most appropriate way to remedy the error or defect, the university may cancel the examination and make arrangements to conduct an extraordinary examination. Re-examination due to cancellation of the original examination may result in a lower mark.
5.7.5 The university may offer an extraordinary examination in connection with other errors or defects. The offer must apply to all students whose examinations are affected by the error or defect in question. A student who has taken the extraordinary examination may choose to retain the original assessment given.
§ 5.8 - Special examination conditions
5.8.1 Students with physical or mental impairments, a native language other than Danish or similar difficulties may apply to the Academic Study Board to be granted special examination conditions. The Academic Study Board will accommodate the request if this is found necessary in order to place such students on an equal footing with others during the examination. It is a condition that the alteration does not imply a change of the level of examination.
5.8.2 The application deadline for special examination conditions is 1 September for the winter examination term and 1 February for the summer examination term. In case of chronic impairments, the Academic Study Board may approve special examination conditions for the rest of the Master’s programme.
5.8.3 The diploma will not include any information on special examination conditions.
§ 5.9 - Ordinary exams
5.9.1 Ordinary examinations will be held immediately at the end of the course leading up to the examination.
5.9.2 The student must be prepared to sit examinations throughout the examination period, but not in July. This also applies in situations when a planned examination is moved due to force majeure.
§ 5.10 - Reexams
Reexams and Make-up Exams
5.10.1 Students who did not pass the ordinary examination and students who have been prevented from attending the examination due to illness or other unforeseen circumstances, can register for a re-examination.
5.10.2 Make-up examinations are held at the same time as re-examinations.
5.10.3 Re-examinations will be held during the same examination term as the ordinary examination. The examination period for the autumn semester is 2 January – 28/29 February and for the spring semester 1 June - 31 August. In some cases, exams can also be held in December and May. Examinations are not held in July, unless warranted by special circumstances.
5.10.4 The student shall register for a re-examination within eight days after publication of the results of the ordinary examination. Students who have been absent from the ordinary examination, shall register for a re-examination within 8 days from the date the ordinary examination was held.
5.10.5 Students cannot withdraw from registration for re-examination and it will count as a failed examination attempt if the student does not take the examination unless the Academic Study Board has granted dispensation from this rule due to extraordinary circumstances.
5.10.6 Re-examination may take a different form of examination or assessment than the ordinary examination. Students will be notified of any change in the form of examination or assessment before the examination. The form of examination for the Master Thesis, however, cannot be changed.
Consequences for not having passed an exam by 2nd attempt
5.10.7 If the student does not attend or pass the ordinary examination and the relevant re-exam, the student can register to take the examination the next time the ordinary examination is held. The student must comply with the registration period.
5.10.8 If the student failed an examination on the second attempt, the student must participate in the course and re-submit all assignments prior to the next ordinary examination, unless the course is no longer offered.
§ 5.11 - Exam attemts
5.11.1 A passed examination cannot be retaken.
5.11.2 A student has three attempts to pass an examination. If warranted by extraordinary circumstances, the Academic Study Board may grant additional examination attempts. The question of academic ability cannot be considered in assessing whether or not such extraordinary circumstances exist. Supplementary courses in connection with Master's programmes constitute an exception to this rule as the student has only two (2) examination attempts where supplementary activities are concerned.
5.11.3 A student whose tuition attendance is to be assessed for the second time may demand an examination instead. Tuition attendance associated with practical exercises, however, cannot be replaced by an examination.
§ 5.12 - Requirements for exams
Failure to Meet Examination Requirements
5.12.1 If students do not meet examination requirements, this will be regarded as one examination attempt unless the Academic Study Board grants dispensation from this rule due to extraordinary circumstances.
Absence from Examination Activities
5.12.2 If the student is absent from an examination, this leads to the student losing an examination attempt. If the evaluation a course is based on an overall evaluation of two or more examination activities, absence from one or more activities leads to the student being registered as absent from the entire examination. The Academic Study Board can grant dispensation from this rule, if there are extraordinary circumstances.
Participation in Group Assignments
5.12.2 The student is required to participate actively in group assignments. For this reason, the work will be supervised by the academic supervisor. If a student fails to meet the requirement on active participation, the relevant programme co-ordinator, following the academic supervisor's or the Head of Programme's recommendation, may decide that the student be excluded from the group. The applicable criteria for assessing whether the group assignment work has been performed satisfactorily will be laid down for the assignment at the start of the supervision
§ 5.13 - Group exams
5.13.1 Examinations are arranged as individual or group examinations.
5.13.2 The basis for assessment is always individual, and individual grades are given.
5.13.3 The course description specifies the maximum number of students who can participate in a group examination. It will not be possible to choose an individual examination instead of a group examination, the examination in Master's Thesis being an exception from this rule.
§ 6 - Credit transfer
§ 6.1 - Transfer of credit
§ 6.2 - Transfer of credit
6.2.1 Students who wish to take course elements from a different course or at another institute of higher education in Denmark or abroad as part of their study programme can apply to the Academic Study Board for pre-approved credit transfers for planned course elements.
§ 6.3 - Credit
6.3.1 Based on an academic assessment, the Academic Study Board may allow credit transfers for courses passed in a previous higher education programme in Denmark or abroad.
6.3.2 In order for a student to be entitled to a Danish diploma and a Danish title, no more than two-thirds of the Master's programme can be completed abroad.
6.3.3 It will not be possible to transfer credits from a Master's thesis forming the basis of a title under one Master's programme to a different title under a different Master's programme.
6.3.4 The possibilities of credit transfers will always depend on the Academic Study Board's assessment of the level of equivalence between the relevant programme components.
6.3.5 Previously passed programme components can only entitle credit transfers if they are at Master's level.
6.3.6 Course elements whose contents coincide in part or in full with the contents of constituent course elements of the study programme in question or with any already passed course elements cannot be approved as elective courses or entitle to credit transfers to the study programme. Elective courses include all course elements which have been approved by the Academic Study Board and which are not mandatory for the programme in which the student is enrolled.
6.3.7 Credit transfers are only given upon production of an original, official transcript of records (hard copy) showing the passed study activities.
6.3.8 Credit transfer with grades is possible only when the previously passed study activity was graded in accordance with the 7-point grading scale, and when there is equivalence between the previously passed study activity and the study activity being substituted. Such equivalence must exist both in terms of the technical contents and in terms of the scope of the activity, as measured in ECTS points.
§ 7 - Provisions on the organisation of the programme
§ 7.1 - Enrollment and Unenrollment from teaching and exams
Course and exam registration
7.1.1 Registration for tuition and examinations shall be conducted in compliance with SDU’s rules on registering for courses and examinations.
7.1.2 The prerequisite for participating in tuition and examinations during each semester is that the student registers for the semester’s activities within the deadlines.
220.127.116.11 Registration for tuition and examination takes place electronically on Student Services Online at https://sso.sdu.dk.
18.104.22.168 The registration periods are May for tuition during the autumn semester and December for tuition during the spring semester. The registration period is published on the website and is sent by e-mail to students’ SDU e-mail addresses. It is the student's responsibility to keep abreast of the time limits for registration.
7.1.3 Registration for a course (obligatory or elective) involves automatic registration for tuition and the associated ordinary examination and a second examination attempt (re-examination), if applicable. Registration for both compulsory and elective courses is binding. However, electives can be changed. See 7.1.4
22.214.171.124 If the student registers for courses additional to the 30 new ECTS points per semester, this registration will also be binding and cannot be cancelled.
7.1.4 Students may swap electives within the first two weeks of the start of each semester, provided they have not used examination attempts in the electives in question.
7.1.5 The student must register for tuition and examination when the subject is offered for the final time.
7.1.6 It is the responsibility of students to check their registrations at the start of the semester.
7.1.7 The university is not obliged to let a student attend courses beyond the level required to complete the study programme.
Course and Exam Withdrawal
7.1.8 Withdrawal is not permitted and absence from an examination will be considered a failed examination attempt, unless the Academic Study Board grants dispensation for withdrawal from one or more courses. The student must apply for withdrawal before the exam in the course in question is held.
§ 7.2 - Deadline for programme completion
Maximum Study Period
7.2.1 A student must have completed the Master's programme within two-and-a-half years of commencing the programme in compliance with SDU’s Rules on Completion Times for Bachelor, Profession Bachelor or Master’s Programmes. These periods do not include any periods of granted leave.
7.2.2 If warranted by special circumstances or the student is elite athlete, entrepreneur or a chairman for an organisation under the Danish Youth Council (DUF), the Academic Study Board may grant dispensation from the rules on the maximum study period.
§ 7.3 - Study activity
7.3.1 Minimum Pass Grade Requirement: A student must pass at least one ECTS qualifying examination during a coherent period of at least one year. Should this requirement not be fulfilled, the student's enrolment will be cancelled.
7.3.2 If warranted by special circumstances, the Academic Study Board can grant dispensation from the minimum pass grade requirement.
7.3.3 Activity requirement: See SDU’S rules on student activity.
7.3.4 If warranted by special circumstances or the student is elite athlete, entrepreneur or a chairman for an organisation under the Danish Youth Council (DUF), the Academic Study Board can grant dispensation from SDU’s rules on student activity.
§ 7.4 - Master\'s thesis
7.4.1 The Master's thesis accounts for 30 ECTS or 40 ECTS points and is a major independent written assignment which is included in the final year of a Master’s programme. For students admitted on the 4+4 Ph.D programme, the thesis constitutes 45 ECTS points.
7.4.2 The thesis may be written individually or jointly by two students. The relevant Head of Programme may permit joint completion of a Master's Thesis project by up to three students.
7.4.3 The thesis must document the student's competences in using scientific theory and methodology in the work with a clearly defined academic subject. The subject of the thesis must be agreed with an academic supervisor.
7.4.4 A 30 ECTS thesis must be completed in the course of four months, whereas a 40 ECTS thesis must be completed in the course of two full semesters. As a rule, the starting date and deadline for submission of the thesis are the first workday in September, and the month of January, respectively, for theses to be completed in the autumn semester, and the first workday in February, and the month of June, respectively for theses to be completed in the spring semester. In extraordinary circumstances, the Academic Study Board may grant dispensation from the above dates/deadlines.
7.4.5 The Contract for the Master's thesis must be approved by the academic supervisor, the Head of Programme and the director of studies. A Contract for the Master's Thesis project approved by all the instances mentioned above, may be amended only if dispensation to do so has been granted by the Academic Study Board. Title changes, which do not lead to a delay in the submission date, are approved by the academic supervisor.
7.4.6 The deadline for submission of the thesis is binding. If the student fails to submit the thesis report within the set deadline, the student loses one examination attempt and the student must enter into a supplementary contract within two weeks of the original submission date. The deadline will be extended by three months from this date, and the formulation of the assignment will be extended by additional deliverables corresponding to three months' work within the original subject area. The deadline can be extended by a further three months, subject to the same conditions. Every time a deadline for submission is exceeded, this will be registered as a used examination attempt.
7.4.7 A Master’s thesis contract which has been approved by the Head of Studies cannot be cancelled. If a student does not pass his or her thesis examination, the student is under obligation to enter into a supplementary contract within two weeks of the original examination date. The supplementary contract means that the student shall extend the formulation of the assignment by additional deliverables corresponding to three months’ work within the original subject area. The student is given three months to prepare the thesis after which a new examination will be held.
7.4.8 In situations when it has not been possible to carry out lab experiments or when collaboration with a company fails, a company goes bankrupt or there are serious problems with empirical date or method selections, etc., the Academic Study Board can decide that the student shall write a new thesis with a new topic and deadline corresponding to the scope of the thesis. See 7.6.4.
7.4.9 The Master's thesis must include an abstract in a foreign language. The course description specifies which language the abstract must be written in. If the thesis is written in a foreign language, the abstract may be written in Danish. The abstract forms part of the assessment of the thesis.
7.4.10 The specific provisions on the Master's thesis are laid down in the course description.
§ 7.5 - Change of profile
§ 7.6 - The Master\'s Degree part of the 4+4 PhD programme
7.6.1 Prior to the enrolment on the PhD programme, the student must be enrolled under a Master of Engineering study programme at the University of Southern Denmark and have passed 60 ECTS (the first two semesters) of the Master's programme. The remaining 60 ECTS consist of:
- constituent (obligatory) courses on the 3rd semester of the relevant Master's study programme corresponding to 15 ECTS points
- Master's Thesis on 45 ECTS points (see 7.6 for further information about the Thesis).
7.6.2 The student must have completed the Master's programme within three years of commencing the Master's programme.
§ 7.7 - Individual activities
Individual Study Activities
7.7.1 Students may in agreement with a supervisor apply to the Academic Study Board for an individual study activity.
7.7.2 Individual study activities shall include a description of the learning outcomes in terms of knowledge, skills, competencies and assessment method.
7.7.3 An individual study activity may not be used to reduce the scope of the study programme and it may not overlap with the contents of the Master's Thesis.
7.7.4 As a general rule, the extent of an individual study activity may not exceed 5 ECTS points. The Academic Study Board can, under special circumstances, make an exception to this rule.
7.7.5 Individual study activities completed in the autumn semester and which do not form part of the curriculum and which are to be included in the student’s pool of electives, must have been approved by the Academic Study Board no later than at the Study Board’s meeting in August. Likewise, individual study activities completed in the spring semester and which do not form part of the curriculum and which are to be included in the student’s pool of electives, must have been approved by the Academic Study Board no later than at the Study Board’s meeting in January.
7.7.6 Individual study activities completed in the autumn semester and which do not form part of the curriculum and which are to be included in the student’s constituent courses must have been approved by the Academic Study Board no later than at the Study Board’s meeting in April. Likewise, individual study activities completed in the spring semester and which do not form part of the curriculum and which are to be included in the student’s constituent courses must have been approved by the Academic Study Board no later than at the Study Board’s meeting in November. As a general rule, individual study activities can only substitute obligatory courses in situations, where the obligatory course in question no longer is offered, the student has not used examination attempts in the course in question, and it is not possible to take an equivalent course (pre-approval of credit transfer).
§ 7.8 - Limitation on the number of entries
§ 8 - Exemptions and complaints procedures
§ 8.1 - Dispensation from University regulations
§ 8.2 - Complaints over exams
- be procedural (i.e. concerning whether the matter has been handled in accordance with applicable law and general principles of administrative law), or
- relate to the basis of examination,
- relate to the examination procedure and/or
- relate to the assessment of the examination
and must be submitted by the student to the university no later than 14 days after publication of the examination result. The complaint must be in writing. The complaint must be addressed to the Faculty of Engineering's Secretariat and sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
8.2.2 The university will decide on the complaint based on the assessors' professional opinion and the complainant's comments on the result. The decision may offer a reassessment or a re-examination, or may find against the complainant. A re-assessment or re-examination could result in a lower grade. Complaints cannot be made about examination basis, examination procedures or assessment related to the study start examination.
§ 8.3 - Complaints over University decisions
Appeals regarding procedural matters
8.3.1 The student is entitled to file a procedural appeal (i.e. concerning whether the matter has been handled in accordance with applicable law and general principles of administrative law) against the university's decisions, including decisions made by the Academic Study Board. Procedural appeals may be submitted to the Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education.
8.3.2 The appeal must be submitted to the University no later than 14 days after the student has been notified of the contested decision. The complaint must be in writing. The appeal must be addressed to the secretariat of the Academic Study Board at the Faculty of Engineering and sent to email@example.com.
Complaints about credit transfers and pre-approved credit transfers
8.3.3 Complaints about academic issues (ie. whether the qualifications the student has/would acquire can substitute parts of the study programme in question) in connection with the refusal or partial refusal of
- pre-approved credit transfers for Danish or foreign course elements, and
- credit transfers for Danish and foreign course elements that have been passed
can be submitted to a credit transfer Appeals board in accordance with the rules on Appeals boards for decisions regarding credit transfers for university programmes (the ministerial order on credit transfer appelas boards). The complaint must be submitted to the University no later than 14 days after the student has been notified of the contested decision. The complaint must be in writing and include an explanation of the reasons for the appeal. The complaint must be addressed to the secretariat of the Academic Study Board at the Faculty of Engineering and sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
8.3.4 Complaints about judicial issues (ie. whether the case has been processed in agreement with existing laws and gen-eral principles of adminstrative law) in connection with the refusal or partial refusal of
- pre-approved credit transfers for Danish or foreign course elements, and
- credit transfers for Danish and foreign course elements that have been passed
can be submitted to the Vice-Chancellor’s Secretariatin accordance with the rules on Appeals boards for decisions regarding credit transfers for university programmes (the ministerial order on credit transfer appelas boards). The complaint must be submitted to the University no later than 14 days after the student has been notified of the contested decision. The complaint must be in writing and include an explanation of the reasons for the appeal. The complaint must be addressed to the secretariat of the Academic Study Board at the Faculty of Engineering and sent to email@example.com.
§ 9 - The affiliation of the programme
§ 9 - Transitions
9.1 The rules concerning maximum period of study, which were valid at the time of admission and enrolment, apply on students admitted and enrolled on a Master's study programme before 1 September 2015. Ie. these students must have completed the study programme within 3 years from the commencement of studies.
9.2 The rules concerning the study start examination and SDU's activity requirement do not apply on students admitted and enrolled on the Master's study programme before 1 September 2015.
9.3 Transitional Curriculum Arrangements (programme specific)
Upon effective date of the curriculum, earlier curricula will be phased out and the affected courses will be taught and examined for the last time concurrently with the phasing out of the curriculum. For details please refer to the individual course descriptions.
- T310000401 (IBITB-U1) covers T310010401 (IBINPR)
- T310004401 (IBPIN-U2) covers T3100XX401 (IBOI)
- T310007401 (IBENF-U1) covers T310012401 (IBFEE)
§ 9.1 - Legal basis
This Curriculum was prepared on the basis of the authority granted by the provisions of:
- Danish Constitutional Act no. 778 of 7 August 2019 concerning the Danish Act on Universities (Universitetsloven)
- Danish Ministerial Order no. 23 of 9 January 2020 on Admission and Enrolment on Bachelor and Master’s Programmes (candidatus) at Universities (Adgangsbekendtgørelsen)
- Danish Ministerial Order no. 20 of 9 January 2020 on bachelor and master’s programmes (candidatus) at universities (Uddannelsesbekendtgørelsen)
- Danish Ministerial Order no. 22 of 9 January 2020 on University Examinations and Grading (Eksamensbekendtgørelsen)
- Danish Ministerial Order no. 114 of 3 February 2015 on the Grading Scale and Other Forms of Assessment under the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science (Karakterbekendtgørelsen)
- Danish Ministerial Order no 1517 of 16 December 2013 on Credit Transfer Appeals Boards, as amended by the Ministerial order no. 880 of 26 August 2019 (Meritankenævnsbekendtgørelsen)
- Danish Ministerial Order no 597 of 8 March 2015 om Talent Initiatives on Higher Education within the area of Ministry of Higher Education and Science, as amended by the Ministerial order no. 892 af 26 August 2019 (Talentbekendtgørelsen)