FY819: Introduction to Structure Studies using Large Scale Facilities

Study Board of Science

Teaching language: English
EKA: N510023112, N510023102
Censorship: Second examiner: None, Second examiner: Internal
Grading: Pass/Fail, 7-point grading scale
Offered in: Odense
Offered in: Spring
Level: Master

STADS ID (UVA): N510023101
ECTS value: 5

Date of Approval: 07-10-2019

Duration: 1 semester

Version: Approved - active


If there are fewer than 12 students enrolled, the course may. be held with another teaching form.

Entry requirements

 Passed degree of bachelor.

Academic preconditions

Students taking the course are expected to:

  • have solid knowledge of basic elements of their study subject
  • be able to acquire new knowledge and conduct literature search by use of electronic databases 
  • be interested to deepen the specific knowledge of their previous education for its expansion towards LSF related studies

Course introduction

1) The aim of the course is to introduce students about scattering based methods at Large Scale Facilities:
The Øresund area is going to host two of the most advanced Light Sources, ESS and MaxLAB. These facilities will provide state-of-the-art instrumentation for the study of materials with regards to structure and dynamics, at high spatial and temporal resolution. First instruments will start working by the end of 2019 and the full instrument suite for regular user service will be available by 2023. The course will provide awareness to the potential of Large Scale Facilities (LSF) and give an introduction to the use of X-rays and neutrons for the study of condensed matter. It addresses students of all disciplines (mostly natural sciences as physics , chemistry, bio- and health sciences, materials sciences and engineering, but also  students e.g. in archaeology, ect.) with an interest to learn about advanced methods for the study of structure, composition, or dynamics of condensed systems at high resolution. Students will learn about the basic interaction mechanism of X-rays and neutrons with matter and then turn to typical applications by spectroscopic, scattering, and imaging methods. Course topics will address characteristic questions from soft and inorganic matter.  Systems discussed will include thin films, isolated and condensed macromolecules (proteins, polymers), composite functional materials. The course shall serve as a platform to explore the scientific potential and the socio-economic relevance of LSFs. An excursion with a site visit of the Lund / Malmö science campus or of the DESY campus in Hamburg will be considered.

2) The course builds on the basic special knowledge acquired during the bachelor studies of the specific subjects (physics, biosciences, economic geography). This base will be supplemented by a revision of classical optics and an intelligible introduction to the particular  aspects of LSF experiments. Typical cases connected to the previous degree will be addressed, looking into scientific topics, potential industrial applications, and transfer of knowledge.
In relation to the competence profile of the degree it is the explicit focus of the course to:
•    Give the competence to define problems that may be addressed by LSF experiments
•    Give skills to plan and conduct LSF experiments
•    Give knowledge and understanding of:
o    the design of instruments for optical characterization of matter
o    the impact upon the transition from visible light to waves of smaller wavelength
o    the scientific concepts behind LSF experiments
o    the typical problems to be addressed by LSF experiments the potential and limits of LSF experiments
o    transfer of knowledge about the use of advanced techniques to the solution of problems in materials science for application in product development
o    transfer of knowledge to the general audience

Expected learning outcome

The learning objective of the course is that the student demonstrates the ability to

• think and work interdisciplinary
• acquire new knowledge about the use of LSF methods
• prepare and contribute to a seminar on a chosen (scientific) subject within the context of the course


    The following main topics are contained in the course:
    •    revision of optics in view of its use for  material characterization and development
    •    introduction to X-ray and neutron LSF facilities, including instrumentation and methods
    •    introduction to typical scientific cases for the use of LSF instrumentation
    •    exploration of potential for new applications of LSF instrumentation
    •    science communication and knowledge transfer skills


    Toyoko Imae, Toshiji Kanaya, Michihiro Furusaka, & Torikai, N. (2011). Essentials of Neutron Techniques for Soft Matter. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley.

    Als-Nielsen, J., and McMorrow, D. (2011). Elements of Modern X-ray Physics (2nd Edition ed.): Wiley.

    individual notes

    Examination regulations

    Prerequisites for participating in the exam element a)




    Presentation of a seminar talk




    Second examiner: None




    Student Identification Card


    Normally, the same as teaching language

    Examination aids

    To be announced during the course

    ECTS value


    Additional information

    Each student gives a presentation of as seminar talk (ppt). Talk shalll be approx. 30 minutes. Handout of powerpoint.
    The prerequisite examination is a prerequisite for participation in exam element a)

    Exam element a)




    Type Prerequisite name Prerequisite course
    Examination part Prerequisites for participating in the exam element a) N510023101, FY819: Introduction to Structure Studies using Large Scale Facilities


    Written text on the topic of the seminar talk in scientific format in Danish or English




    Second examiner: Internal


    7-point grading scale


    Full name and SDU username


    Normally, the same as teaching language

    Examination aids

    To be announced during the course

    ECTS value


    Additional information

    Text shall be less than 10 pages including title page and references. 

    The examination form for re-examination may be different from the exam form at the regular exam.

    Indicative number of lessons

    40 hours per semester

    Teaching Method

    The teaching will consist of four introductory lectures on typical topics, one of them being contributed by a guest from a Large Facility. Then, each student chooses a special theme on the use of large (scattering) facilities, and/ or specific methods as applied typically in large facilities. The chosen topic will be the worked on in home work, and details are clarified in dialogue form through questions, some in individual student / teacher meetings and some as common discussion during the class meetings. There are only few special lectures; instead there are joint meeting hours that are agreed in advance by the group, and seminar hours. Hours are mostly a mix of open discussion and explanations, and common dialogue.

    Attendance is mandatory for all seminars held by the course participants. The excursion gives an impression of the settings at large scale facilities in terms of equipment, work condition, and access to the instruments. The seminar presentation with the subsequent hand-over of a written text on its topic shall serve to ensure that all the participants, and their themes, are kept connected.

    Educational activities 

    • discussion meetings with fellow students and with the teacher (upon individual appointment)
    • self-reading about methods
    • preparation for the seminar presentation (duration: 30 min):

    1.    individual literature study for preparation of an individual (scientific) presentation

    2.    teacher meetings for detail discussion
    3.    assembly of individual seminar presentation in the form of a didactic  powerpoint
    4.    individual writing of a comprehensible article on the presentation topic (in scientific format, ~10 pages )

    Teacher responsible

    Name E-mail Department
    Beate Klösgen kloesgen@sdu.dk Institut for Fysik, Kemi og Farmaci, Physical LifeScience (PhyLife)


    Administrative Unit

    Fysik, kemi og Farmaci

    Team at Registration & Legality


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